American hazelnut

Corylus americana (American hazelnut) is an attractive, multi-stemmed shrub with dangling catkin flowers in early spring, delicious edible fruits in summer, and striking red foliage in fall. 

Growing up to 16 ft tall and 12-13 ft wide, this shrub makes a good somewhat rough-growing hedge, providing a good windbreak as well as food for people and for birds. The maturing nuts are encased in a thick husk, which led to the genus name being derived from the Greek word for helmet. 

Botanical Name Corylus americana
Common Name American hazelnut
Family Betulaceae
USDA Zone 4 thru 9
Light Requirement Full Sun to Part Shade
Season(s) of interest all seasons
Height and Spread 10-16ft x 8-13ft (3-5m x 2.5-4m)
Flower Color Small, Yellow-Brown or Red Flowers
Attracts Wildlife Provides Food for Birds, Hosts Caterpillars of Butterflies/Moths, Attracts Pollinators,
Additional Information Native to Chicago Region.
Location in Lurie Garden Bird Border – Columbus, Bird Border – Monroe